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Farmer Movement: The solution will be able to come out of the talks, but who can get the talks done


As the farmer movement is getting longer, this issue is getting more complicated instead of being resolved. There has been no progress in the case even after steps like Bharat Bandh on 8 December organized by farmers’ organizations and fasting and Chakka Jam on 14 December. On the one hand, the farmers are adamant on their demand that the government withdraw all three agricultural laws, while the government is firm on its stand that considering the demand of the farmers, they are ready to make necessary amendments in the laws but the bills will not be withdrawn.

This case has now taken a new turn. Just as farmers are coming on the road and saying their words, in the same way the government and the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party have also started talking in favor of agricultural bills among the people. From the Prime Minister to the Union Ministers and the Chief Ministers of the BJP ruled states to the ministers, besides all senior leaders of the BJP organization are going to every district and holding meetings and telling the people that the new laws are not against the farmers but in their interest.

The farmer movement has a very special relationship with Madhya Pradesh. This is because presently the Agriculture Minister of the country Narendra Singh Tomar is from Madhya Pradesh and is a Lok Sabha MP from Morena. He has held several rounds of talks with farmer organizations to end the movement. It is different that nothing has resulted from the conversation. On the other hand, among the organizations associated with the peasant movement is the Bharatiya Kisan Mazdoor Sangh, whose leader Shivkumar Sharma is ‘Kakaji’. Kakaji is also from Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.

Kakaji, who had surrounded Madhya Pradesh’s capital Bhopal for nearly a decade before the farmers’ demands, has also been the chairman of the Madhya Pradesh unit of the Kisan Federation of Indian Farmers Union, a farmer organization associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh but now against the government roads Are on That is, Madhya Pradesh is being represented from both sides in the present Kisan movement, also from the government and also from the farmers.

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Actually, this matter is now taking a different turn away from the demand of farmers and its solution. A big statement has come from the leaders of the ruling party after allegations of anti-national forces being involved in the movement, re-raising the demand for Khalistan through it, and supporting the alleged crumbling gang by the agitators. Through this statement, BJP has once again played the Modi card to solve the problem.

As part of the BJP’s campaign to go public in relation to the farmers’ movement, Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, while addressing a large gathering of farmers in Gwalior on Wednesday, said that if anyone tries to tarnish the image of Prime Minister Narendra Modi The government is ready to answer. Describing the three laws in the interest of farmers, Tomar said that till the laws do not change, the chains will not be broken, till then the farmers cannot get the benefit. Our leader is pure, the intention of the government is pure. We are ready to bow our heads and talk to the farmers, but efforts are being made to bow down to the Modi government.

That is, the BJP which till now usually used the Modi card to win elections, has used the Modi card to deal with a mass movement this time. The BJP is adopting a strategy to raise public opinion on this issue in the country by raising Modi’s image in front of the farmers’ protest. This is an attempt to show in a way that the peasant movement is not in favor of farmers, but against Modi. This step of the BJP is going to witness the use of the image of the head of the government to fight a public movement after a very long time in the country.

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How successful BJP is in its strategy cannot be said now. But this whole scenario has highlighted one thing very strongly and that is the lack of track-to-parallel strategy of the ruling party. Whenever such big movements take place and they start stretching without any solution, then the talk is made not by the power of the government.

There was a time when BJP used to have leaders like Pramod Mahajan for this. After the untimely death of Pramod Mahajan, a vacuum arrived which was later filled by leaders like Sushma Swaraj and Arun Jaitley. As long as leaders like Sushma Swaraj and Jaitley remained there, whether it was the floor management of the Parliament or the matter of carrying out the field strategy outside the Parliament or dealing with any crisis, the BJP continued to find its way. But in today’s power and organization, there is no space left for all such channels and track-to-dialogue. Centralization of all sources has made these situations more complicated.

It is also visible in the farmers’ movement that the government and the organization do not have any leader who has active contacts on the other side and who brings some satisfactory solution to the matter by convincing the other party to come to the negotiating table. Could.

Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar and Minister of Commerce and Industry etc. Piyush Goyal held talks with farmers in this matter first. Seeing no result, BJP troublemaker and Union Home Minister Amit Shah had to come forward, but this time his intervention could not work either. Oddly enough, even after the matter is so entangled, veteran leaders like Rajnath Singh or Nitin Gadkari are not in an active role anywhere.

On the other hand, BJP’s relations with the opposition have deteriorated, in other words, they have reached the extent of enemy. Therefore, to expect that the BJP will get any support from the other political parties in this matter would be meaningless.

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Leaving aside the opposition of the Congress and the leftist parties like the Shiv Sena and the Akali Dal, who were once old allies of the BJP, even today, they have fallen away from it. The Akali Dal has a very important role in the current farmer movement. Prakash Singh Badal himself has returned his Padma award supporting this movement. On the other hand, whether it is the Samajwadi Party in Uttar Pradesh or the TRS in Telangana or Mamata’s Trinamool Congress in Bengal, all are looking for an opportunity to defeat the BJP in this matter.

On such occasions, the second channel often belongs to field organizations. Many times such organizations have been supporting the governments by joining the movement and separating. Even if they do not do so, they have an important role in turning the stubborn stance of the movement and bringing the two sides to the negotiating table,

But in the latest case, there is no organization that can play an effective role in ending the movement in both the ways. Barring others, organizations such as the Bharatiya Kisan Sangh and the Swadeshi Jagran Manch, all belonging to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, may not have supported the peasant movement, but have agreed on many issues raised by the agitators.

After all this uproar, the matter has reached the Supreme Court, but at present no solution can be seen. There is only one way to find a solution and that is that both the parties should return to the dialogue. Instead of being firm on your point, take a flexible approach. Find a way that keeps the value of both. But the question is, who brought the two sides to the table of meaningful and compromise negotiations? And this question remains the biggest problem of the government these days.

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