In the first phase of the 5th National Health Survey, 22 states and union territories have been covered for 2019-20. These figures have been compared to the data for 2015-16. Data shows that at least 2 out of three women between the ages of 15-49 in Assam suffer from anemia. At the same time, women are more affected by anemia than men all over the country.
4 out of 5 women in Bihar have not yet run internetStatistics show that 4 out of 5 women in Bihar and 3 out of 4 women in Telangana have never used internet. At the same time, in Karnataka and Bihar, at least 4 out of 10 women have faced violence and anemia on behalf of the husband. Apart from this, the fertility rate has also come down significantly in 22 states.
Literacy: Only 57.8 percent women are literate in Bihar. Whereas, around 80 percent of the men here can write and read. When compared to the big states in terms of female literacy, the condition of the north-eastern states is quite good. Here 8 out of 10 women are educated in these 6 states. The special thing is that literacy rate has improved in every state in 2019-20 in a span of 5 years. Kerala has the highest female literacy rate.
Anemia: Talking about 15-49 year old women in Ladakh, 9 out of 10 women are suffering from anemia. In West Bengal, this figure is 3 out of 4. At the same time, in every state every fourth woman is a victim of anemia. Speaking in Parliament in March this year, Minister Ashwani Kumar Choubey said that 53.1 percent or every other woman in the country is anemic. For this, he had given the fourth National Health Survey.
The figures for 2019-20 show that in Modi 1.0, the figures of anemia in women have increased rather than decreased. When compared to 2015-16, 66 percent of women in Assam were suffering from anemia. In Bihar too, this figure has increased from 60.3 percent to 63.5 percent.
child marriage: Child marriage cases have reduced in some big states, but this situation is not everywhere. In Bihar, Bengal and Tripura, 4 girls in 10 years of age 20-24 said that they were married before the age of 18. The Population Federation of India also expressed concern over the increasing cases of child marriage. Child marriage cases in Tripura have increased from 33.1 percent to 40.1 percent in comparison to 2015-16. Child marriage is more effective in Bihar and West Bengal. The PFI has said that India’s population has stabilized due to lower total fertility rate in most states.
Partner beatings: Apart from Sikkim, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Assam and Karnataka, violence by husbands has decreased in every state and union territory. According to the survey data, violence has increased from 20.6 percent to 44.4 percent.
Bank accounts and decision making freedom: In this case, the news is good. There has been a considerable increase in the opening and running of women’s bank accounts in Bihar. In 2015-16, only 1 out of 4 women had an account, but now this figure has increased to at least 3. In 22 states and union territories, at least 2 out of 3 women have loop bank accounts. At the same time, women have made progress in taking major decisions at home. At the same time, Jammu and Kashmir, Tripura, Sikkim and West Bengal are backward in this matter.